With 1234 kilometers in length, the Rhine is one of the longest rivers in Europe and is also considered one of the < strong>busiest waterways in the world. Germany's most important river flows through a total of six countries. Where does the Rhine rise, where is its mouth and which sections divide its course? That's what this guide is about.
The Rhine has its source in this small mountain lake
The Rhine has its source in the Alps. And where exactly? In the high mountains of the Swiss canton of Graubünden. More than a dozen source rivers flow into the Rhine, including the Rein da Medel and the Hinterrhein. But the small Tomasee is the original source of the Rhinelocated below the Sankt Gotthard massif.
Hinterdrein and Vorderrhein unite at Tamins in Switzerland to form the Alpenrhein. This flows into Lake Constance, whose upper and lower lakes are connected to the Seerhein. The Rhine kilometer zero officially begins at the Rheinbrücke in Constance on Lake Constance.
The Rhine flows up to here – estuary at an important European port city
?From the Dutch border, the Lower Rhine becomes the Delta Rhine. The main branch of the Rhine flows into the North Sea at Europe's largest port city, Rotterdam. Other branches of the Delta Rhine also flow into the North Sea at various points.
Flows through these countries the Rhine
The course of the Rhine passes through these six European countries on its journey, listed in the order listed:
It takes its course from the Graubünden Alps and after about 50 kilometers forms the natural border between Switzerland and the Principality of Liechtenstein. Before it flows into Lake Constance and becomes the Seerhein, it marks the border between Austria and Switzerland.
From Lake Constance to Basel, it forms the border between Germany and Switzerland, with the exception of smaller sections in between that lie entirely on the Swiss side.
From Basel heading north to Karlsruhe, the Rhine marks the border between France and Germany. From Karlsruhe, the river course of the Rhine is initially completely on German territory.
From around Basel, the Rhine is the border between France and Germany, until it flows through the Netherlands from Emmerich am Rhein and Arnhem. After another 100 kilometers, its journey ends when it flows into the North Sea.
From the Alpine Rhine to the Lower Rhine – these sections divide the Rhine
The first section of the Rhine, from the Alps to Lake Constance becomes Alpenrheincalled. It is also characterized by its water quality. There is no shipping on the Alpenrhein. The water is clean, flows quickly and is colder than in the other sections downstream.
The High Rhine follows the Alpenrhein. Here, too, the water is particularly clean and rich in oxygen. More and more animal species are added downstream. The Rhine Falls in Schaffhausen is one of the largest waterfalls in Europe.
The Upper Rhine begins in Basel. A high level of cultural diversity at the border triangle of Germany, Switzerland and France characterizes this section of the Rhine.
Between Bingen and Bonn, the Upper Rhine is replaced by the Middle Rhine. There are many well-known wine-growing regions and medieval castles on the Middle Rhine.
The Lower Rhine flows from Bonn to the Dutch border, including through Cologne and the largest European inland port in Duisburg.
The Deltarhein flows through part of the Netherlands before finally emptying into the North Sea. However, the water quality is worst in this last section just before the mouth.