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What time zone is Germany in? – Enlightenment

In which time zone is Germany? - Enlightenment

Timekeeping in Germany is still based on the seasons. In Germany there is a summer and a winter time. Depending on the upcoming season, the clocks are set completely forward or back. This time change is aligned with standard time. Winter time in Germany is the so-called standard time, which is based on CET, Central European Time. Summer time is based on CEST, Central European Summer Time. The change from normal time to summer time is done manually by setting the clocks forward or backward accordingly. There are fixed dates for the respective time changes, which have a binding regulation. The winter time as normal time applies between the last Sunday in October and the last Sunday in March. Adjacent to this, summer time follows accordingly. The connections to this and the impact on Germany's time zone are discussed below.

The time shift in the time zone with the effects for Germany

The time difference in the German time zone compared to the coordinated world time, UTC, is one hour more than the UTC. As a result, Germany is generally one hour behind the coordinated world time in the winter months. Greenwich Mean Time GMT coincides with UTC. A change in the designation does not change the true value. With the changeover to summer time, Germany is then ahead of UTC and GMT by a total of two hours. This results from the fact that in Germany the clocks are put forward by one hour on the last Sunday in March for daylight saving time. This time change was introduced in 1916. CET and CEST are covered by many countries in Europe and Africa. In addition to Germany, the area extends from Sweden and Norway to Italy and Spain. Tunisia and Algeria use CET all year round.

How CET was introduced in Germany

CET has been in effect in Germany since 1893. It was introduced by a corresponding time law. This amendment was considered necessary because different times applied in the individual states of Germany. The law should be used to standardize this.

Before that, for example, Bavaria, Prussia and the Kingdom of Württemberg had very different times. In Prussia, the Berlin time previously applied. This ran a total of seven minutes behind Bavarian time, which resulted from the longitude of the earth. The Bavarian time was 23 minutes earlier than the current time in the Kingdom of Württemberg. These time differences were significant for some sectors of the economy and difficult to represent. For this reason, the actual idea for an adjustment also came from daily practice.

The change to these considerable time differences was suggested by the operation of the railway. It was quickly determined that the different time measurements could not be reconciled with the joint operating times of the railway administrations. Because the Prussian railways used the Berlin time in the north within their internal administration. At that time, however, the orbits in the south had already been orientated towards the CET, which was specified later. In 1890, the railway administrations came to an agreement on common timekeeping according to CET. And as early as 1892, Bavaria, Württemberg and Baden, as southern states, were timed to match CET. A year later, the rest of the countries were harmonized.

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