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What is the policy cycle? – simple explanation with example

What is the Political cycle? - simple explanation with example

Political cycle highlights the phases of political decision-making

With the political cycle, political science knows a universally applicable Model that shows the interdependencies, interactions and synergy effectsbetween the problem and Conflict, negotiation or assessmentand solutionor Decision-making and reactions demonstrated and the principle of political decision-making processesrevealed. As a catalystthe question functions for the construct; which concrete problemsand conflicts hasthe politics to solve strong>and trigger the developed problem solutions new conflicts and problem areas.

Base for the model is the objective problem perception, which imperatively demands objectivity and paves the way for objective analysis skills. For this it absolutely requires a target-oriented socio-scientific understanding, whereby the question; “ whatis?”, is the central focus and favors an objective factual judgement. Following this process is the principle of negotiation, which is based on an objective assessment of the concrete situation and the question; “ what is possible and can it be realised?” In the course of this, a judgment formation succeeds, which is based on the steps of initiation, manifestation and subsequent deepening of the respective value judgments. In addition to the formation of judgments, the phase, which focuses on possible conflict solutions and associated concepts, serves to discuss and negotiate disputed judgments and prejudices.

Dynamic construct that in individual cases sets in motion a potentially endless chain of analysis, decision, action steps to solve the problem and reactions

This process is followed by decision making. The intention of this phase is to explicitly name realistic solutions and, with the help of objective judgment and participation, to develop practiceaction steps that permanently eliminate the corresponding problem or the initial conflict.

The individual sections that formulate the model of the political cycle have flowingtransitions, so that the different phases interact dynamically with one another. The subject of the political cycle construct is therefore a three-step or triad of the questions;

What is the situational actual state?

What is theoretical and practically possible to effectively eliminate the current problem or conflict?
Which action steps are absolutely necessary to bring about a change in this regard?

Since the individual steps for problem and conflict resolution can potentially initiate new controversies and social disputes depending on the individual case, a run of the model is sometimes followed by a new run of the political cycle. Is the problem treated notfollowing the circulation through the individual phases of the model notfinally resolvedor if questions in this regard remain unanswered after the last phase, the corresponding problems and conflicts are put back on the political agenda.

In extreme cases, the measures taken to solve the problem therefore serve as ongoing engines for the cycle , which is why this again to run throughis. Certain problems therefore keep politicians and the respective decision-makers in suspense. An example of this is immigration policy, which constantly opens up new subject areas that it is imperative for politicians to solve in the interests of the collective. According to the model, politics is therefore to be understood as an instrument that is constantly occupied with solving conflicts and problems.

The model makes political reality tangible

The starting signal for the cycle is the objective registration of a present problem or conflict. This is followed by the collective confrontation about what theoretically needs to be done to end the problematic current situation. Public discussions and debates at district, city, state and federal level fuel this process. With their ability to potentially color and influence opinions through reporting, the media occupy a special position in this phase of the cycle. On the basis of the legislative procedure, a decision is made that puts practice-oriented solution steps into practice and sets concrete actions in motion to eliminate the respective problem.

This is followed by a public < strong>Evaluation of the decision. As part of this, the collective formulates key questions that, for example, analyze the means of power of the actors involved in the decision-making process and critically question which of their specific interests have potentially influenced the individual decision. In addition, the discourse raises the question of who has or has not prevailed in the decision-making and solution-finding process and what advantage the relevant actors derive from this state of affairs objectively and perspectively.

Do the problem-solving measures actually not work to avoid the conflict lastingly cleared up, or if new problem areas arise after the implementation of the solution steps, this entails specific reactionsthat allow the cycle to begin again.

In addition to immigration policy, energy– and environmental policy are constantly introducing new cycles. Fueled by the corresponding subject areas, the construct that presents the synergy effects between problem, debate, decision, collective evaluation of the decision and reactions potentially never comes to a standstill.

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