Slovenia and Slovakia are two European countries with similar-sounding names and some similarities, but also numerous differences. The latter can be seen, for example, in the history of the states and their population numbers.
Geographical similarities and differences
Both Slovenia and Slovakia border Austria and Hungary and are therefore also in the same time zone due to their geographical proximity. Although more than twice as many people live in Slovakia with around 5.5 million inhabitants as in Slovenia with around 2 million inhabitants, the population densities are at about the same level. In both countries, the largest city is also the capital, which is called Ljubljana in Slovenia and Bratislava in Slovakia.< h2>Differences and similarities regarding the historical background
The two Slavic states differ in terms of their history. While Slovenia was part of Yugoslavia until 1991, Slovakia is a result of the split of Czechoslovakia in 1993. Both countries are parliamentary democracies and since 2004 they have also been members of the EU and NATO. Slovenia has been using the euro as a means of payment since 2007, Slovakia since 2009.
Other similarities and differences
Both in southern Slavic Slovenia and in western Slavic Slovakia, the majority of the population is Roman Catholic . The common linguistic roots can be seen, for example, in the same word for Slovene or Slovak (“Slovenka”). Sport plays a major role in both countries, with handball and basketball playing alongside football in Slovenia and ice hockey playing alongside football in Slovakia.