A federal state and a unitary state differ primarily in that a federal state is a union of several sub-states and a unitary state is a centrally governed state.
This is how Germany and Switzerland as a federal state and France and Italy as a unitary state.
What is a state?
A state consists of several states or states. These own states or federal states are connected with each other and give up a large part of the independence. Every state needs a large government. This large government then decides for all united states.
This is exactly the case with Germany. The Federal Republic of Germany is administered and directed by a Federal President and a Federal Government. These are located in the capital Berlin.
The individual federal states are also known as federal states. These have their own state government. Individual tasks, such as laws and administrative tasks, are divided between the individual federal states and the large government of the state.
In addition to Germany, there are other federal states, such as Switzerland, Austria, USA and Canada.
The advantage of a federal state is that all federal states can state their own needs and wishes.
The disadvantage, of course, is that there are many complicated ways to follow before a decision can be made .
What is a unitary state?
A unitary state has only one branch of government. In a unitary state, there is a single legislature and administration, and a single administration of justice. A unitary state can be divided into small districts or provinces.
The main advantage of a unitary state is that there are quick and short decision-making processes. It is not necessary to consult several instances and ask for a decision. This also results in lower costs and simpler structures in the government.
One can say that a unitary state cannot take every area of the country into account. This usually affects small regions in particular. Interests and concerns are often not taken into account here.